Sclerosis is a disease which has marred the lives of many in recent times. It directly affects the nervous time while leaving an impact on one’s spinal cord, brain, and optic nerves. It triggers when the myelin sheath on nerve fibers starts disappearing leaving a lesion behind, making it difficult for them to communicate or send electrical signals to each other as a result neurological dysfunction starts happening. There is no cure yet found for the disease however progress has been made. There are centers all across Australia to help people suffering from sclerosis to regain their normality towards life. As few conditions are reversible while others can be managed with support. It is not possible to diagnose the disease unless you are between the age of 20 to 50 years. It also comes in different types depending upon the way symptoms and conditions unfold and present themselves on the upfront and a surface. MS organization in Australia has been doing a great job for people suffering from the disease by lending them the necessary support, helping them returning towards life and making them confident towards regaining their normality. They believe that a person suffering from this disease should not be made as someone who has to deal with it alone. Rather with the right support, they could be brought back to life faster than usual. There are various types and phases of disease as mentioned below:
This the most common one out of all the types of sclerosis, relapsing-remitting MS has affected almost 85% of patients. In such a situation, a person suffers from the relapse or bout of neurological dysfunction when its myelin sheeth which protects and insulates the nerve fiber and aid communication comes under attack by the inflammation. This results in miscommunication and dysfunction. Though most of the conditions can be reversed by careful monitoring and attending the patient.
Primary Progressive MS
As oppose to relapsing-remitting MS, this type of multiple sclerosis attacks the people of the age between 40 to 60 years. The science behind this attack is a degenerative process and not an inflammatory. Also, this does not attack the myelin sheeth rather never fibers start deteriorating. Most of the therapies do not work in this, its earliest symptom starts from the stiffening of leg muscles.
Secondary Progressive MS
This happens when a person is being transitioned from one type to the other one gradually or rapidly. For instance, those suffering from relapsing-remitting MS could move to the progressive stage and that is what is called secondary progressive MS. This is the reason that in many patients, MRI reports often focus more on deteriorating nerve fibers than the inflamed myelin sheeth. One must bear in mind that the course of transition is not clear cut or obvious, once can get through it either really quickly or slowly. In a few conditions, a person suffering from primary progressive MS could transition to the relapsing-remitting MS as well.
CIS (Clinically Isolated Symptoms)
People suffering from CIS could have a relapse but do not meet the criterion to qualify them as someone suffering from any or many types of sclerosis. Many of such patients often start undergoing the disease-modifying therapy in order to reverse the process or as a precautionary measure especially those with a high probability of developing the MS.
People who are having progressive relapsing MS also considered as primary progressive MS active or not active, depending upon whether they get the relapse or not. According to experts, those suffering from progressive relapsing tend to go immobile more quickly than those suffering from the primary progressive condition. Reason being, they are getting relapses as well as the deterioration of the nerve fibers side by side.
Despite that fact that getting to know about different types of MS is a good way of gaining knowledge about the disease but it is equally important to accept the uniqueness of the disease. As every person suffering would be coping up with it in its own unique way, therefore, attend them as per their dispositions and habits. Because every patient of MS tends to behave differently and deserves to be treated according to that.